Arundel (and Burpham, which is a part of the Arundel community) has been around for many years, going back to Anglo-Saxon days before William the Conqueror invaded England (in 1066). The picture above right shows the side of the Cooper's home, going into the back of their property. You will see that their house is bordered on the back by a bank. The bank behind them is part of the remains of an earthen fort around the community. The earthen fort goes back to prehistoric times (the Iron Age, in fact), but then was further reinforced in Anglo-Saxon times to be a defense against Viking attack. This was done shortly after the time of King Alfred I, in the 800s A.D. Several of the churches I visited today go back to the time when William the Conqueror then invaded England, two hundred years later.
As I have been seeing local sites here in England, I have been reflecting on the recent DNA report that I received through Ancestry.com. It came back saying that my genetic make-up is as follows: 77 percent Wales and England (including the Scottish lowlands); 18 percent Ireland and Scotland (meaning the more northern, Celtic, portions of Scotland), 3 percent Germanic Europe, and 2 percent Norwegian (likely a trace of Viking blood through the English bloodline, something very common, actually, as the Vikings, after getting slaughter and mayhem out of their system, settled down and became farmers in Britain!). I must say, that knowing that some like 95 percent of my genetic material comes from the British Isles has made this trip even more special.
It is fascinating to be surrounded by Anglo-Saxon era churches, and even some Roman sites. History is all around us here.
I will be in England until Wednesday of next week, when I will then fly to Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Below are scenes from a nearby manor house and the church (a functioning Anglican church) on its grounds.